What is devolution and how does it work across the UK?

What is devolution and how does it work across the UK?


Boris Johnson has come เกมสล็อตออนไลน์ under fire for reportedly telling Conservative MPs devolution had been a "disaster"
in Scotland.

But what is devolution, and how does it work?

What is devolution?
For many years England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland were run by the UK government, based in Westminster, in London.

But the way the UK is run was changed by devolution, which meant some powers were passed from Westminster to elected bodies
in Cardiff, Belfast and Edinburgh.

Public votes about devolution were held in 1997 in Scotland and Wales, and in both parts of Ireland in 1998, as part of the Good
Friday Agreement.

This led to the creation of new elected institutions: the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales and the Northern
Ireland Assembly.

What powers does the UK government still have?
The UK government in Westminster remains responsible for policy for England, and national policy in a number of areas.

These include defence and national security, foreign policy, immigration, citizenship and tax - though Scotland has its own powers
to raise income tax.

The way it shares power with the institutions in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland varies.